The Palm Oil industry in Southeast Asia and Africa generates large quantity of biomass residues whose disposal is a challenging task. Palm kernel shells (or PKS) are the shell fractions left after the nut has been removed after crushing in the Palm Oil mill. Kernel shells are a fibrous material and can be easily handled in bulk directly from the product line to the end user. Large and small shell fractions are mixed with dust-like fractions and small fibres. Moisture content in kernel shells is low compared to other biomass residues with different sources suggesting values between 11% and 13%.
Our platform covers the trading of the world’s most common standards & non-standard PKS products.
*Exact technical specifications of Non-standard PKS products can be inserted in the Electronic Trading System and published by the respective suppliers.
|Attribute||Unit||PKS 1||PKS 2||PKS 3||PKS 4|
|Moisture, M (Min-Max)||As received, w-%||10 – 30||15 – 25||10 – 30||15 – 25|
|Ash, A||Dry Basis, w-%||≤ 3||≤ 3||≤ 6||≤ 6|
|Total Impurity||As received, w-%||≤ 0,3||≤ 0,3||≤ 1||≤ 3|
|Total Sulphur, S||Dry Basis, w-%||≤ 1||≤ 1||≤ 3||≤ 3|
|Net Calorific Value, Q||As received, kcal/kg||> 3600||> 3600||> 3600||> 3600|
|Chlorine, Cl||Dry basis, ppm||≤ 500||≤ 500||≤ 500||≤ 500|
|Total Na + P||ppm||≤ 2000||≤ 2000||≤ 2000||≤ 2000|
*Exact technical specification of Non-standard PKS products can be inserted in the Electronic Trading System and published by the suppliers.
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